Braces for Your Teeth – Why Do You Need Them and Their Different Types

Braces for Your Teeth – Why Do You Need Them and Their Different Types

Braces for Your Teeth – Why Do You Need Them and Their Different Types

Braces are commonly used in orthodontic treatment to help align and straighten teeth. They consist of brackets, wires, and other components that work to apply gentle and controlled pressure on the teeth over time.

Typical Dental Conditions That Braces Address

Crooked teeth: Braces are used to correct teeth that are misaligned, crowded, or crooked. Crooked teeth can occur due to various factors, including genetics, early loss of primary teeth, improper jaw development, thumb sucking, or certain oral habits.

Malocclusion: It refers to improper alignment of the upper and lower teeth when the jaws are closed. Common types of malocclusion include overbite (upper teeth protrude over the lower teeth), under-bite (lower teeth protrude over the upper teeth), and cross-bite (upper teeth sit inside the lower teeth instead of outside).

Jaw alignment issues: Braces can also help address problems with jaw alignment, such as an overdeveloped or underdeveloped jaw. These issues can affect how the upper and lower teeth fit together and how the jaw functions.

Bite problems: Dentists often use braces to correct bite problems, such as an open bite (when the upper and lower front teeth do not touch when the mouth is closed), a deep bite (excessive vertical overlap of the front teeth), or a cross-bite (when some of the upper teeth fit inside the lower teeth instead of outside).

Common Types of Dental Braces Your Dentist May Recommend

Metal braces: Traditional metal braces are made of stainless-steel brackets and wires. Metal braces are highly effective and suitable for all orthodontic cases, observes Dr. Bob Schoettger of Schoettger Orthodontics near Lincoln. Follow the map 

Ceramic braces: Ceramic braces are comparable to metal braces in design and function. However, since the brackets are fabricated from tooth-colored material, they are less noticeable.

Lingual braces: According to Healthline, lingual braces are placed on the backside of the teeth, making them virtually invisible from the front. They are custom-made to fit the shape of each patient's teeth. 

Clear aligners: Clear aligners, such as Invisalign, are a series of custom-made, clear plastic trays that gradually move the teeth into alignment. They are removable and virtually invisible when worn. Clear aligners are popular among adults and those who prefer a more discreet orthodontic treatment.

Self-ligating braces: Self-ligating braces can be either metal or ceramic and have a specialized design that eliminates the need for elastic or metal ties. Instead, they use small metal clips or doors to hold the wires in place. Self-ligating braces can provide faster treatment time and require fewer adjustment appointments.

Damon braces: Damon braces are a type of self-ligating braces that use a slide mechanism to hold the wires. They offer a more comfortable experience with less friction and can potentially reduce treatment time.


Orthodontic treatment with braces typically involves applying pressure gradually to the teeth to move them into their desired positions. The treatment duration varies depending on the severity of the issue and individual factors. The most suitable type of braces for an individual depends on various factors, including specific orthodontic needs, the severity of the case, personal preferences, and the orthodontist's recommendation.